|A major prophet is a book in the Major Prophets section of the Christian Old Testament in the Bible. The term "major prophet" is typically a Christian term as the Jewish Hebrew Bible does not group these books together and does not even include the deuterocanonical/apocryphal Book of Baruch. The closest analogous grouping in the Hebrew Bible is the "Prophets" or Nevi'im. The Christian major prophets in order of occurrence in the Christian Bible are:
The term "major" refers to their length, not their importance. See Minor prophet for shorter prophecies in the Bible.
A minor prophet is a book in the Twelve Prophets section of the Hebrew Bible, also known to Christians as the book of Minor Prophets of the Old Testament. Twelve individuals have had their names attributed to a section of the Hebrew Bible which has become known by the Aramaic term as the Trei Asar ("Twelve") in traditional Jewish editions and "Books of the Minor Prophets" or the "Minor Prophets" in Christian editions.
In the Hebrew Bible the writings of the minor prophets are counted as a single book, in Christian Bibles as twelve individual books. The "Twelve" are listed below in order of their appearance in Hebrew and Western Christian bibles:
Recent biblical scholarship has focused on reading the "Book of the Twelve" as a unity. See, for example, Nogalski and Sweeney (2000).
The main list consists of only those individuals that have been clearly defined as prophets, either by explicit statement or strong contextual implication, (e.g., the authors of the books listed as the Major prophets and Minor prophets) along with the Bibilcal reference to their office. The secondary list consists of those individuals who are recorded as having had a visionary or prophetic experience, but without a history of any major or consistent prophetic calling. A final list contains the names of those described in the Bible as prophets, but who either misused this gift or were fraudulent.
See main article False prophet