The Seven Continents of the World
There are seven continents, or large land masses, on the planet Earth. While they are separated by ocean today, 200 million years ago there was one supercontinent called Pangae in which all seven land masses were connected. Pangaea started to break up into two smaller supercontinents, called Laurasia and Gondwanaland, during the Jurassic period. By the end of the Cretaceous period, the continents were separating into land masses that look like our modern-day continents. The seven continents are: Africa, Asia, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
Africa’s land mass crosses the equator and is bordered by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Its highest point is Mt. Kilimanjaro at 19,340 feet and its lowest point is Lake Assal at 512 feet below sea level. It is home to about 778,000,000 people and consists of 53 countries, the most of any continent. This picture shows an African Elephant, the largest mammal on earth
On which continent is Egypt?
Egypt is mostly part of Africa although the Sinai Peninsula in northeastern Egypt is part of Asia.
Egypt (Egyptian: Kemet; Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Kīmi; Arabic: مصر Miṣr ; Egyptian Arabic: Máṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia. Covering an area of about 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,660 sq mi), Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. The northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus; the eastern coast borders the Red Sea.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa. The great majority of its estimated 78 million people (2007) live near the banks of the Nile River in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi) where the only arable agricultural land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with the majority spread across the densely populated centers of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and the Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.
Ethiopia Information and History
Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the northeast African region known as the Horn of Africa. The country has a high central plateau, with some mountains reaching more than 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). The Great Rift Valley splits the plateau diagonally. The western highlands get summer rainfall; the lowlands and eastern highlands are hot and dry. Most people reside in the western highlands as does the capital, Addis Ababa—the highest capital city in Africa at 2,400 meters (8,000 feet). The population is almost evenly split between Christians, living in the highlands, and Muslims inhabiting the lowlands. The Oromo, Amhara, and Tigreans are the largest ethnic groups.
Hunger and war plague this nation, whose history spans 2,000 years. During the first millennium A.D. the Ethiopian Orthodox Church held t
Asia is in the Northern Hemisphere and is attached to Europe. The highest point, Mt. Everest at 29,028 feet, is in Tibet and Nepal, which are located in Asia. The lowest point is the Dead Sea at 1341 feet below sea level. Asia has the largest population of any other continent and has 47 countries. This is a picture of The Great Wall of China, built in the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., stretches for 4,163 miles.